American Lime

American Lime

Basswood, Linden, Lime Tree, Bee Tree.

Tilia americana

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Hey there, nature detectives! Let’s put on our explorer hats and dig into the world of the American Lime tree, a real natural wonder that’s also known as the Basswood tree. This tree is a star of the forest, not just because it’s tall and sturdy, but because it has some of the softest leaves around. It’s like the friendly giant of the tree world, offering a shady spot for a picnic and a home for countless creatures.

The American Lime tree is a true native of North America. It’s like a green landmark that stretches from the northeastern United States all the way to the heart of the continent. You can spot these trees hanging out by rivers and in the cool woods, where they stand tall and spread out their branches like arms ready for a group hug.

American Lime

Common Name
American Lime

Other Names

Basswood, Linden, Lime Tree, Bee Tree.

Latin Name

Tilia americana


You’ll find these leafy giants in the eastern parts of North America, from Manitoba in Canada, sweeping down to Alabama and over to the Atlantic Ocean in the United States.


American Lime trees are easy to spot. They have heart-shaped leaves that feel like velvet, and in the summer, they bloom with small, creamy-white flowers that smell sweet enough to eat (but please don’t!). The flowers are not just pretty; they’re a favorite snack for bees, making this tree a buzzing hotspot for honey-making.


These trees are real skyscrapers of the plant world. They can grow up to 60-80 feet tall (about 18-24 meters) and their branches can spread out to 30-40 feet wide (about 9-12 meters). That’s as wide as a basketball court!


Every spring, the American Lime tree puts on a show with its sweet-smelling flowers. Bees buzz around, collecting nectar and spreading pollen from tree to tree. When the flowers are done, they leave behind small, nut-like fruits that birds and squirrels love to munch on. The seeds inside these fruits get a free ride to new places, ready to grow into new trees. The tree takes a winter nap, shedding its leaves and waiting for spring to wake up again.

Defense Mechanisms

While American Lime trees don’t have thorns or poison, their leaves have a sneaky trick. They’re covered in tiny hairs that make them less tasty to munching deer and other leaf-eaters. It’s their way of saying, “These leaves are not for snacking!”

Ecological Importance

American Lime trees are more than just shade providers; they’re also a critical part of the ecosystem. Their flowers are important for bees, which help pollinate other plants, and their branches are a home for birds and small mammals. People have found many uses for these trees too. Their wood is super light and easy to work with, making it great for carving and furniture. But even these strong trees have to watch out for diseases and pests that can hurt them, like the pesky lime leaf miner.

Conservation Status

These trees are not on the endangered list; they’re actually pretty common in their native range.

Unveiling the American Lime Tree: A Natural Wonder

Attention, young explorers! Today’s expedition leads us into the captivating world of the American Lime tree, also known as the Basswood or Tilia americana. This tree isn’t just a pillar in the forest; it’s a vibrant ecosystem in itself, playing a crucial role in its environment. Native to the eastern parts of North America, the American Lime tree is a symbol of strength and versatility. With its heart-shaped leaves and fragrant flowers, it stands as a gentle giant in the woods. Let’s journey through the life and times of this amazing tree and discover why it’s so essential to our natural world.

Identity and Appearance: The Unique Traits of the American Lime

One glance at the American Lime tree, and you’ll notice its large, heart-shaped leaves, which bring a unique texture to the forest canopy. In the blooming season, clusters of small, creamy-white flowers emerge, exuding a delightful fragrance that fills the air. This tree’s bark, with its light gray and smooth texture, becomes more furrowed and textured as it ages, adding to its character.

Stature in the Forest: A Towering Presence

When it comes to size, the American Lime tree is a true giant. It can reach towering heights of 60-80 feet (18-24 meters), with some even stretching up to 130 feet (40 meters) in ideal conditions. Its impressive stature and broad, rounded crown make it a dominant figure in the forest landscape, providing ample shade and habitat.

Cycle of Life: Growth and Reproduction

The lifecycle of the American Lime is a testament to nature’s wonders. Its fragrant flowers are not just a treat for the senses but also a hub of activity for pollinators like bees. The tree produces small, nut-like fruits that become a food source for wildlife. Preferring rich, moist soils, this tree can be found along streams and in well-drained woodlands, contributing to the biodiversity and health of its ecosystem.

Ecological Impact: A Keystone Species

In its natural habitat, the American Lime plays a pivotal role. Its dense foliage offers a haven for various bird species, while its flowers are a critical nectar source for bees and butterflies. The tree also plays a role in soil stabilization and water regulation, making it an integral part of its ecosystem.

Challenges and Resilience: Adapting to Change

Like all living beings, the American Lime faces its share of challenges, from environmental changes to pests and diseases. However, its ability to adapt and thrive in various conditions speaks to its resilience and hardiness as a species.

Human Connection: More Than Just Wood

Humans have long valued the American Lime for its soft, workable wood, used in carving and furniture making. Its inner bark, known as bast, has been used for cordage and mats. The tree’s flowers are also used in herbal teas and remedies, showcasing its versatility beyond just a timber source.

The American Lime tree, with its serene presence and ecological importance, is more than just a tree. It’s a living legacy in our forests, a provider of life and beauty. As you wander through the woods and come across this magnificent tree, take a moment to appreciate its role in our world.

Keep exploring, and you’ll uncover the endless wonders that nature holds!

Let's Go Avocado Team

There’s a lot to explore right where we are, in our own neighborhoods and backyards! Join us while we get off the couch and explore the everyday wonders of nature, science, space, engineering, art, and anything else we stumble upon during on our adventures.

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